Couples are generally advised to seek medical help if they are unable to achieve pregnancy after a year of unprotected intercourse. The doctor will conduct a physical examination of both partners to determine their general stat of health and to evaluate physical disorders that may be causing infertility.
If no cause can be determined at this point, more specific tests may be recommended. For women, these include an analysis of blood work taken, pelvic ultrasound and Hysteroscopy/SIS. For men, initial tests focus on semen analysis.